Ritesh’s Technical Blog

Operating System you may have heard- I think

Posted on: July 28, 2008

Operating System you may have heard- I think

Some Popular OS

Windows XP Windows XP is a server, workstation, and desktop operating systems made by Microsoft that run on the Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

Windows 2000 Windows 2000 Professional, Windows 2000 Server, and Windows 2000 Advanced Server are server and workstation operating systems made by Microsoft that run on the Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

Windows NT Windows NT, Windows NT Server, and Windows NT Server Enterprise Edition are server and workstation operating systems made by Microsoft that run on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80×86, and DEC Alpha.

Windows ME Windows ME (Millennium Edition) is a low quality desktop operating system made by Microsoft that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

Windows 98 Windows 98 is a low quality desktop operating system made by Microsoft that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium and Intel 486DX.

Windows 95 Windows 95 is an obsolete desktop operating system made by Microsoft that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium and Intel 80486.

Windows 3.11 Windows 3.1 is an obsolete desktop operating system made by Microsoft that runs on Intel 80486, 80386, and 80286.

MS-DOS MS-DOS is a text-based desktop operating system made by Microsoft that runs on Intel 80×86.

PC-DOS PC-DOS-2000 is a text-based desktop operating system made by IBM as an update of the older MS-DOS. It runs on Intel 80×86. Only low end servers can run on this operating system.

MXS Mac OS X Macintosh OS X Server (MXS) is a server operating system based on Rhapsody. MXS is made by Apple Computers and runs on Motorola/IBM PowerPC.

Classic Macintosh Macintosh OS X (ten) is a desktop operating system based on Rhapsody. Macintosh OS X is made by Apple Computers and will run on Motorola/IBM PowerPC.

OS/2 Macintosh OS 9, OS 8, OS 7, and OS 6 are desktop operating systems made by Apple Computers that run on Motorola/IBM PowerPC and Motorola 680×0.

Linux LINUX is a free version of UNIX that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80×86, Motorola/IBM PowerPC, Motorola 680×0, Sun SPARC, SGI MIPS, DEC Alpha, HP PA-RISC, DEC VAX, ARM, API 1000+, and CL-PS7110.

FreeBSD FreeBSD is a free version of UNIX that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium and Intel 80486.

NetBSD NetBSD is a free version of UNIX that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80486, Intel 80386, Motorola/IBM PowerPC, Motorola 680×0, Sun SPARC, HP PA-RISC, DEC VAX, and ARM.

OpenBSD OpenBSD is a free version of UNIX that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80486, Intel 80386, Motorola/IBM PowerPC, Motorola 680×0, Sun SPARC, HP PA-RISC, DEC VAX, and ARM.

GNU Hurd GNU Hurd is a free open source operating system.

Solaris Solaris is a UNIX-based operating system made by Sun Computers that runs on Sun SPARC and Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

SunOS SunOS is an older text-based UNIX that runs on Sun SPARC. Solaris is an enhancement of SunOS that includes a graphic user interface.

HP-UX HP-UX is a UNIX-based operating system made by Hewlett-Packard that runs on HP PA RISC.

OpenVMS VMS is a high performance operating system made by Compaq/DEC that runs on DEC VAX. OpenVMS is an updated version of VMS.

Tru64 Unix Tru64 Unix (formerly Digital UNIX) is a UNIX-based operating system made by Compaq/DEC for the DEC Alpha.

ULTRIX ULTRIX is a UNIX-based operating system made by Compaq/DEC. ULTRIX has been replaced by Digital UNIX.

IRIX IRIX is a UNIX-based operating system made by SGI that runs on SGI MIPS.

NeXT NeXT is a UNIX-based operating system made by NeXT that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80486, and Motorola 68040. OpenSTEP runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80486, Motorola 68040, Sun SPARC, and HP PA RISC.

Rhapsody Rhapsody is a UNIX-based operating system that includes capabilities from the NeXT and Macintosh operating systems. Rhapsody is made by Apple Computers and will run on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium and Motorola/IBM PowerPC and will have a Run Time Library for Windows.

AIX AIX is IBM’s version of UNIX.

MVS MVS is a mainframe operating system made by IBM.

NetWare NetWare “is a dedicated network operating system” that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium, Intel 80486, and Intel 80386.e16

BeOS BeOS is a high performance desktop operating system made by Be that runs on Motorola/IBM PowerPC and Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

AmigaOS AmigaOS is an old but popular operating system that is being resurrected. Only low end servers can run on this operating system.

SCO OpenServer SCO OpenServer is a UNIX-based operating system that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

SCO UnixWare SCO UnixWare is a UNIX-based operating system that runs on Intel/Cyrix/AMD Pentium.

Pyramid Pyramid uses the MIPS chipset, and did the reference port of SysVr4 to those chips under contract to Unix System Laboratories (USL). Pyramid runs Sys V, release 4.2 (with their own enhancements).

BSDi BSDi Internet Super Server (also known as BSD/OS) is a commercial BSD UNIX for Pentiums and other processors.

Get detailed explanation

Year wise list of Operating Systems

1950s

Some operating systems from the 1950s include: FORTRAN Monitor System, General Motors Operating System, Input Output System, SAGE, and SOS.

Batch systems

Examples of operating systems that were primarily batch-oriented include: BKY, BOS/360, BPS/360, CAL, and Chios.

Early 1960s

Some operating systems from the early 1960s include: Admiral, B1, B2, B3, B4, Basic Executive System, BOS/360, EXEC I, EXEC II, Honeywell Executive System, IBM 1410/1710 OS, IBSYS, Input Output Control System, Master Control Program, and SABRE.

System calls

The first operating system to introduce system calls was University of Machester’s Atlas I Supervisor.w78

Mid 1960s

Some operating systems from the mid-1960s include: Atlas I Supervisor, DOS/360, Input Output Selector, and Master Control Program.

Late 1960s

Some operating systems from the late-1960s include: BPS/360, CAL, CHIPPEWA, EXEC 3, and EXEC 4, EXEC 8, GECOS III, George 1, George 2, George 3, George 4, IDASYS, MASTER, Master Control Program, OS/MFT, OS/MFT-II, OS/MVT, OS/PCP, and RCA DOS.

Microprocessors

In 1968 a group of scientists and engineers from Mitre Corporation (Bedford, Massachusetts) created Viatron Computer company and an intelligent data terminal using an 8-bit LSI microprocessor from PMOS technology. A year later in 1969 Viatron created the 2140, the first 4-bit LSI microprocessor. At the time MOS was used only for a small number of calculators and there simply wasn’t enough worldwide manufacturing capacity to build these computers in quantity.

Other companies saw the benefit of MOS, starting with Intel’s 1971 release of the 4-bit 4004 as the first commercially available microprocessor. In 1972 Rockwell released the PPS-4 microprocessor, Fairchild released the PPS-25 microprocessor, and Intel released the 8-bit 8008 microprocessor. In 1973 National released the IMP microprocessor.

In 1973 Intel released the faster NMOS 8080 8-bit microprocessor, the first in a long series of microprocessors that led to the current Pentium.

In 1974 Motorola released the 6800, which included two accumulators, index registers, and memory-mapped I/O. Monolithic Memories introduced bit-slice microprocessing. In 1975 Texas Instruments introduced a 4-bit slice microprocessor and Fairchild introduced the F-8 microprocessor.

Early 1970s

Some operating systems from the early-1970s include: BKY, Chios, DOS/VS, Master Control Program, OS/VS1, and UNIX.

Mid 1970s

Some operating systems from the mid-1970s include: Master Control Program.

Late 1970s

Some operating systems from the late-1970s include: EMAS 2900, General Comprehensive OS, OpenVMS, OS/MVS.

1980s

Some operating systems from the 1980s include: AmigaOS, DOS/VSE, HP-UX, Macintosh, MS-DOS, and ULTRIX.

1990s

Some operating systems from the 1990s include: BeOS, BSDi, FreeBSD, NeXT, OS/2, Windows 95, Windows 98, and Windows NT.

2000s

Some operating systems from the 2000s include: Mac OS X, Syllable, Windows 2000, Windows Server 2003, Windows ME, and Windows XP.

More detailed study click here

May be I didn’t covered some latest or some oldest OS but the main thing is which OS we are using and with which OS we will continue.

Thanks Microsoft

Just have a look Microsoft had released Windows XP in early 2001 and from there onwards it has faced a tough competition but as its OS is the best we are using it from the last 8 years. So many OS had come and droved in last 8 years but no one has taken the place of XP in our systems. Even today in the era of VISTA, though XP is facing a competition (with its own developers) but yet is surviving and helping millions of people.

I have bought my system 5 year later with XP installed in it, from then onwards I have tried lot of OS like SOLARIS, SUSE, FEDORA CORE, RED HAT LINUX, Windows 98 but I had never uninstalled XP. All these OS remains for a week or a two and no more than that. Thankz MICROSOFT for giving us such an operating system.

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