Ritesh’s Technical Blog

Archive for the ‘Windows Related…’ Category

Go to Start, Run.

Type: oobe/msoobe /a

Click OK. Then You Will Get The Answer. Hopefully It Says Activated.

Run Commands:

Quote:

  • compmgmt.msc – Computer management
  • devmgmt.msc – Device manager
  • diskmgmt.msc – Disk management
  • dfrg.msc – Disk defrag
  • eventvwr.msc – Event viewer
  • fsmgmt.msc – Shared folders
  • gpedit.msc – Group policies
  • lusrmgr.msc – Local users and groups
  • perfmon.msc – Performance monitor
  • rsop.msc – Resultant set of policies
  • secpol.msc – Local security settings
  • services.msc – Various Services
  • msconfig – System Configuration Utility
  • regedit – Registry Editor
  • msinfo32 _ System Information
  • sysedit _ System Edit
  • win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)
  • winver _ Shows current version of windows
  • mailto: _ Opens default email client
  • command _ Opens command prompt

Run Commands to access the control panel:

Quote:

  • Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl
  • Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl
  • Display Properties control desk.cpl
  • FindFast control findfast.cpl
  • Fonts Folder control fonts
  • Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl
  • Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard
  • Mouse Properties control main.cpl
  • Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl
  • Network Properties control netcpl.cpl
  • Password Properties control password.cpl
  • Printers Folder control printers
  • Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds
  • System Properties control sysdm.cpl

Command Prompt:

Quote:

  • ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.
  • APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.
  • ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.
  • ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.
  • ASSOC View the file associations.
  • AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.
  • ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.
  • ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.
  • BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.
  • BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini
  • BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.
  • CACLS View and modify file ACL’s.
  • CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.
  • CD Changes directories.
  • CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.
  • CHDIR Changes directories.
  • CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.
  • CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.
  • CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.
  • CLS Clears the screen.
  • CMD Opens the command interpreter.
  • COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.
  • COMP Compares files.
  • COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.
  • CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.
  • CONVERT Convert FAT to NTFS.
  • COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.
  • CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.
  • DATE View or change the systems date.
  • DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.
  • DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.
  • DEL Deletes one or more files.
  • DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.
  • DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.
  • DIR List the contents of one or more directory.
  • DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.
  • DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.
  • DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.
  • DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.
  • DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.
  • DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.
  • ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.
  • EDIT View and edit files.
  • EDLIN View and edit files.
  • EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.
  • ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.
  • ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.
  • ERASE Erase files from computer.
  • EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.
  • EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it’s original format.
  • EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.
  • FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.
  • FC Compare files.
  • FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.
  • FIND Search for text within a file.
  • FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.
  • FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.
  • FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.
  • FOR Boolean used in batch files.
  • FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.
  • FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.
  • FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.
  • GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.
  • GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.
  • HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.
  • IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.
  • IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.
  • IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.
  • KEYB Change layout of keyboard.
  • LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.
  • LH Load a device driver in to high memory.
  • LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.
  • LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.
  • LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.
  • LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.
  • LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.
  • MAP Displays the device name of a drive.
  • MD Command to create a new directory.
  • MEM Display memory on system.
  • MKDIR Command to create a new directory.
  • MODE Modify the port or display settings.
  • MORE Display one page at a time.
  • MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.
  • MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.
  • MSD Diagnostics utility.
  • MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.
  • NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT
  • NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings
  • NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.
  • NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.
  • NLSFUNC Load country specific information.
  • NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.
  • PATH View and modify the computers path location.
  • PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.
  • PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.
  • PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device.
  • POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.
  • POWER Conserve power with computer portables.
  • PRINT Prints data to a printer port.
  • PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.
  • PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.
  • QBASIC Open the QBasic.
  • RD Removes an empty directory.
  • REN Renames a file or directory.
  • RENAME Renames a file or directory.
  • RMDIR Removes an empty directory.
  • ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.
  • RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.
  • SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.
  • SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.
  • SET Change one variable or string to another.
  • SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.
  • SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.
  • SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.
  • SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.
  • SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.
  • SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.
  • SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.
  • START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.
  • SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.
  • SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.
  • SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.
  • TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.
  • TIME View or modify the system time.
  • TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.
  • TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.
  • TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.
  • TYPE Display the contents of a file.
  • UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.
  • UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.
  • UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.
  • VER Display the version information.
  • VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.
  • VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.
  • XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.
  • TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists
  • TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications

Windows XP Shortcuts:

Quote:

  • ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window’s System menu
  • ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item
  • ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened
  • ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program
  • ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window
  • ALT+TAB Switch between open items
  • ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu
  • BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer
  • CTRL+A Select all
  • CTRL+B Bold
  • CTRL+C Copy
  • CTRL+I Italics
  • CTRL+O Open an item
  • CTRL+U Underline
  • CTRL+V Paste
  • CTRL+X Cut
  • CTRL+Z Undo
  • CTRL+F4 Close the active document
  • CTRL while dragging Copy selected item
  • CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM
  • CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word
  • CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word
  • CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph
  • CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph
  • SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin
  • ESC Cancel the current task
  • F1 Displays Help
  • F2 Rename selected item
  • F3 Search for a file or folder
  • F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer
  • F5 Refresh the active window
  • F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop
  • F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program
  • SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item
  • CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu
  • SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager
  • SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing
  • WIN Display or hide the Start menu
  • WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box
  • WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop
  • WIN+E Open Windows Explorer
  • WIN+F Search for a file or folder
  • WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers
  • WIN+L Locks the desktop
  • WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows
  • WIN+R Open the Run dialog box
  • WIN+TAB Switch between open items


Windows Explorer Shortcuts:

Quote:

  • ALT+SPACEBAR – Display the current window’s system menu
  • SHIFT+F10 – Display the item’s context menu
  • CTRL+ESC – Display the Start menu
  • ALT+TAB – Switch to the window you last used
  • ALT+F4 – Close the current window or quit
  • CTRL+A – Select all items
  • CTRL+X – Cut selected item(s)
  • CTRL+C – Copy selected item(s)
  • CTRL+V – Paste item(s)
  • CTRL+Z – Undo last action
  • CTRL+(+) – Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane
  • TAB – Move forward through options
  • ALT+RIGHT ARROW – Move forward to a previous view
  • ALT+LEFT ARROW – Move backward to a previous view
  • SHIFT+DELETE – Delete an item immediately
  • BACKSPACE – View the folder one level up
  • ALT+ENTER – View an item’s properties
  • F10 – Activate the menu bar in programs
  • F6 – Switch between left and right panes
  • F5 – Refresh window contents
  • F3 – Display Find application
  • F2 – Rename selected item

Internet Explorer Shortcuts:

Quote:

  • CTRL+A – Select all items on the current page
  • CTRL+D – Add the current page to your Favorites
  • CTRL+E – Open the Search bar
  • CTRL+F – Find on this page
  • CTRL+H – Open the History bar
  • CTRL+I – Open the Favorites bar
  • CTRL+N – Open a new window
  • CTRL+O – Go to a new location
  • CTRL+P – Print the current page or active frame
  • CTRL+S – Save the current page
  • CTRL+W – Close current browser window
  • CTRL+ENTER – Adds the http://www. (url) .com
  • SHIFT+CLICK – Open link in new window
  • BACKSPACE – Go to the previous page
  • ALT+HOME – Go to your Home page
  • HOME – Move to the beginning of a document
  • TAB – Move forward through items on a page
  • END – Move to the end of a document
  • ESC – Stop downloading a page
  • F11 – Toggle full-screen view
  • F5 – Refresh the current page
  • F4 – Display list of typed addresses
  • F6 – Change Address bar and page focus
  • ALT+RIGHT ARROW – Go to the next page
  • SHIFT+CTRL+TAB – Move back between frames
  • SHIFT+F10 – Display a shortcut menu for a link
  • SHIFT+TAB – Move back through the items on a page
  • CTRL+TAB – Move forward between frames
  • CTRL+C – Copy selected items to the clipboard
  • CTRL+V – Insert contents of the clipboard
  • ENTER – Activate a selected link
  • HOME – Move to the beginning of a document
  • END – Move to the end of a document
  • F1 – Display Internet Explorer Help

There are a lot of services running in your system at the background which takes a small portion of your resources but makes your PC slower, here is a list of services that can be turned off this will speed up your pc a bit

To stop those services right click on my computer > manage > services and applications > services

set the following services disabled, you will need to reboot for them to take effect

services:-

  1. alerter
  2. application layer gateway service
  3. application management
  4. ati hotkey poller
  5. automatic updates
  6. background intelligent transfer service
  7. clipbook
  8. com+ event system
  9. com+ system application
  10. distributed transaction coordinator
  11. error reporting service
  12. fast user switching compatibility
  13. help and support
  14. human interface device access
  15. imapi cd burning com service
  16. indexing service
  17. internet connection firewall(icf)/internet connecton sharing(ics)
  18. ipsec services
  19. logical disk manager
  20. logical disk manager administrative service
  21. messenger
  22. ms software shadow copy provider
  23. net logon
  24. netmeeting remote desktop sharing
  25. network dde
  26. network dde dsdm
  27. nt lm securtiy support provider
  28. performance logs and alerts
  29. portable media serial number service
  30. qos rsvp
  31. remote desktop help sesson manager
  32. remote registry
  33. removable storage
  34. secondary logon
  35. security accounts manager
  36. server
  37. smart card
  38. smart card helper
  39. ssdp discovery service
  40. system restore service
  41. task scheduler
  42. tcp/ip netbios helper
  43. telnet
  44. terminal services
  45. uninterruptible power supply
  46. universal plug and play device host
  47. upload manager
  48. video proes
  49. volume shadow copy
  50. webclient
  51. windows time
  52. wireless zone configuration
  53. wmi performance adapter
  54. workstation

All these services uses your precious resources.

Since defragging is a good option but it don’t really speed up your PC so here are some other ways by which you can speed up your system

1.) For fast processing always use NTFS file system. If you are using FAT32 and want to convert your file system into NTFS, click Start, click Run, type CMD, and then click OK. At the prompt, type CONVERT C: /FS:NTFS and then press Enter key. Using NTFS has its own advantage as it is superior security, reliability, and efficiency with larger disk drives.

2.) If you are using NTFS file system “Disable file indexing” service. The indexing service extracts information from documents and other files on the hard drive and creates a “searchable keyword index.” This process though makes your seacrh esaier and faster but takes a lot of system resources thus making your system slower. To stop the indexing service, right click on your Hard Drive say C: then select properties and then uncheck the box saying “Allow indexing service to index this disk for fast file searching”. Next, apply changes to “C: subfolders and files,” and click OK. If a warning or error message appears (such as “Access is denied”), click the Ignore All button.

3.) Empty the Windows Prefetch folder. Weather it is a misconception or a myth I don’t mind people says that emptying prefetch folder doesn’t help in speeding your system but what I found is that it does! Windows XP prefetches portions of data and applications that are used frequently which makes processes to load faster when called upon. But over time, the prefetch folder may become overloaded with references to files and applications no longer in use. When that happens, Windows XP is wasting time, and slowing system performance, by pre-loading them. Nothing critical is in this folder, and the entire contents are safe to delete.

4.)Run a disk cleanup every month or so. Here’s how: right-click on the C: drive and select Properties. Click the Disk Cleanup button and delete all temporary files. Similarly, do the same for all drives.

5.) In your Device Manager, double-click on the IDE ATA/ATAPI Controllers device, and ensure that DMA is enabled for each drive you have connected to the Primary and Secondary controller. Do this by double-clicking on Primary IDE Channel. Then click the Advanced Settings tab. Ensure the Transfer Mode is set to “DMA if available” for both Device 0 and Device 1. Then repeat this process with the Secondary IDE Channel.

6.) Remove all spyware from the computer. Use free programs such as AdAware by Lavasoft or SpyBot Search & Destroy.

7.) Remove any unnecessary programs from Windows Startup routine using the MSCONFIG utility. To do this First, click Start, click Run, type MSCONFIG, and click OK. Click the StartUp tab, then uncheck any items you don’t want to start when Windows starts.

8.) Remove any unnecessary or unused programs from the Add/Remove Programs section of the Control Panel.

9.) Remove any unnecessary programs from HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun

HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRunOnce

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRun

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRunOnce

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionRunOnceEx

10.) Turn off all animations, and disable active desktop (for optimal performance).To do it: First click on the System icon in the Control Panel. Next, click on the Advanced tab. Select the Settings button located under Performance. Feel free to play around with the options offered here, as nothing you can change will alter the reliability of the computer — only its responsiveness.

11.) Visit Microsoft’s Windows update site regularly, and download all updates labeled Critical. Download any optional updates at your discretion.

12.) Using antivirus for your system security is a must but keep it updated- everyone recommends this but antiviruses are resource hungry they too make your system a lot slower too deal with viruses visit my blog and learn how to protect/remove viruses without using any antiviruses. One more method which I am using from a long time is, when you found that your system is having viruses then start installing Quick Heal 9.0 setup, it has a trick in it, before installing it runs a pre installer which search for any kind of viruses in your system if it found any then it asks you to make a boot time scan and then clear most of the viruses and repairs all your correpted files and thats all you have to do, after your system strats don’t install the quich heal. So, whenever you faces such kind of messups with viruses use qiuck heal.

13.) Make sure the customer has fewer than 500 type fonts installed on their computer. The more fonts they have, the slower the system will become.

14.) Do not partition the hard drive. Windows XP’s NTFS file system runs more efficiently on one large partition. The data is no safer on a separate partition, and a reformat is never necessary to reinstall an operating system. The same excuses people offer for using partitions apply to using a folder instead. For example, instead of putting all your data on the D: drive, put it in a folder called “D drive.” You’ll achieve the same organizational benefits that a separate partition offers, but without the degradation in system performance. Also, your free space won’t be limited by the size of the partition; instead, it will be limited by the size of the entire hard drive. This means you won’t need to resize any partitions, ever. That task can be time-consuming and also can result in lost data.

15.) If the PC has a CD or DVD recorder, check the drive manufacturer’s Web site for updated firmware. In some cases you’ll be able to upgrade the recorder to a faster speed.

16.) Disable unnecessary services. Windows XP loads a lot of services that your customer most likely does not need. To determine which services you can disable for your client, visit the Black Viper site for Windows XP configurations.

17.) Update the PC’s video and motherboard chipset drivers. Also, update and configure the BIOS.

18.) Try TweakXP and Registry Booster for optimizing registry, and Tune up utility for optimizing RAM’s performance.

Following the above given procedures you will definitely speed up your system performance. BEST OF LUCK

this article is found on www

mynewlogo1

here is a list of some CLSID

{d20ea4e1-3957-11d2-a40b-0c5020524153}

Administrative Tools

{85bbd92o-42a0-1o69-a2e4-08002b30309d}

Briefcase

{21ec2o2o-3aea-1o69-a2dd-08002b30309d}

Control Panel

{d20ea4e1-3957-11d2-a40b-0c5020524152}

Fonts

{6DFD7C5C-2451-11d3-A299-00C04F8EF6AF}

Folder Options

{ff393560-c2a7-11cf-bff4-444553540000}

History

{00020d75-0000-0000-c000-000000000046}

Inbox

{00028b00-0000-0000-c000-000000000046}

Microsoft Network

{20d04fe0-3aea-1069-a2d8-08002b30309d}

My Computer

{450d8fba-ad25-11d0-98a8-0800361b1103}

My Documents

{208d2c60-3aea-1069-a2d7-08002b30309d}

My Network Places

{1f4de370-d627-11d1-ba4f-00a0c91eedba}

Network Computers

{7007acc7-3202-11d1-aad2-00805fc1270e}

Network Connections

{2227a280-3aea-1069-a2de-08002b30309d}

Printers and Faxes

{7be9d83c-a729-4d97-b5a7-1b7313c39e0a}

Programs Folder

{645ff040-5081-101b-9f08-00aa002f954e}

Recycle Bin

{e211b736-43fd-11d1-9efb-0000f8757fcd}

Scanners and Cameras

{d6277990-4c6a-11cf-8d87-00aa0060f5bf}

Scheduled Tasks

{48e7caab-b918-4e58-a94d-505519c795dc}

Start Menu Folder

{7bd29e00-76c1-11cf-9dd0-00a0c9034933}

Temporary Internet Files

{0DF44EAA-FF21-4412-828E-260A8728E7F1}

Taskbar and Start Menu

{bdeadf00-c265-11d0-bced-00a0c90ab50f}

Web Folders

1033 is the locale identifier for “English (United States)”, whose hexadecimal value is 0x0409. Locale identifier tells about the the language that is used in a particular region. The purpose of the document is to help developers who are defining NLS services (sorting, time/date formatting, and keyboards/IMEs) for locales that do not yet have native support in Windows to avoid conflict.

here is a list of LCID (Locale identifier)

Language – Country/Region LCID Hex LCID Dec

Afrikaans – South Africa

0436

1078

Albanian – Albania

041c

1052

Amharic – Ethiopia

045e

1118

Arabic – Saudi Arabia

0401

1025

Arabic – Algeria

1401

5121

Arabic – Bahrain

3c01

15361

Arabic – Egypt

0c01

3073

Arabic – Iraq

0801

2049

Arabic – Jordan

2c01

11265

Arabic – Kuwait

3401

13313

Arabic – Lebanon

3001

12289

Arabic – Libya

1001

4097

Arabic – Morocco

1801

6145

Arabic – Oman

2001

8193

Arabic – Qatar

4001

16385

Arabic – Syria

2801

10241

Arabic – Tunisia

1c01

7169

Arabic – U.A.E.

3801

14337

Arabic – Yemen

2401

9217

Armenian – Armenia

042b

1067

Assamese

044d

1101

Azeri (Cyrillic)

082c

2092

Azeri (Latin)

042c

1068

Basque

042d

1069

Belarusian

0423

1059

Bengali (India)

0445

1093

Bengali (Bangladesh)

0845

2117

Bosnian (Bosnia/Herzegovina)

141A

5146

Bulgarian

0402

1026

Burmese

0455

1109

Catalan

0403

1027

Cherokee – United States

045c

1116

Chinese – People’s Republic of China

0804

2052

Chinese – Singapore

1004

4100

Chinese – Taiwan

0404

1028

Chinese – Hong Kong SAR

0c04

3076

Chinese – Macao SAR

1404

5124

Croatian

041a

1050

Croatian (Bosnia/Herzegovina)

101a

4122

Czech

0405

1029

Danish

0406

1030

Divehi

0465

1125

Dutch – Netherlands

0413

1043

Dutch – Belgium

0813

2067

Edo

0466

1126

English – United States

0409

1033

English – United Kingdom

0809

2057

English – Australia

0c09

3081

English – Belize

2809

10249

English – Canada

1009

4105

English – Caribbean

2409

9225

English – Hong Kong SAR

3c09

15369

English – India

4009

16393

English – Indonesia

3809

14345

English – Ireland

1809

6153

English – Jamaica

2009

8201

English – Malaysia

4409

17417

English – New Zealand

1409

5129

English – Philippines

3409

13321

English – Singapore

4809

18441

English – South Africa

1c09

7177

English – Trinidad

2c09

11273

English – Zimbabwe

3009

12297

Estonian

0425

1061

Faroese

0438

1080

Farsi

0429

1065

Filipino

0464

1124

Finnish

040b

1035

French – France

040c

1036

French – Belgium

080c

2060

French – Cameroon

2c0c

11276

French – Canada

0c0c

3084

French – Democratic Rep. of Congo

240c

9228

French – Cote d’Ivoire

300c

12300

French – Haiti

3c0c

15372

French – Luxembourg

140c

5132

French – Mali

340c

13324

French – Monaco

180c

6156

French – Morocco

380c

14348

French – North Africa

e40c

58380

French – Reunion

200c

8204

French – Senegal

280c

10252

French – Switzerland

100c

4108

French – West Indies

1c0c

7180

Frisian – Netherlands

0462

1122

Fulfulde – Nigeria

0467

1127

FYRO Macedonian

042f

1071

Gaelic (Ireland)

083c

2108

Gaelic (Scotland)

043c

1084

Galician

0456

1110

Georgian

0437

1079

German – Germany

0407

1031

German – Austria

0c07

3079

German – Liechtenstein

1407

5127

German – Luxembourg

1007

4103

German – Switzerland

0807

2055

Greek

0408

1032

Guarani – Paraguay

0474

1140

Gujarati

0447

1095

Hausa – Nigeria

0468

1128

Hawaiian – United States

0475

1141

Hebrew

040d

1037

Hindi

0439

1081

Hungarian

040e

1038

Ibibio – Nigeria

0469

1129

Icelandic

040f

1039

Igbo – Nigeria

0470

1136

Indonesian

0421

1057

Inuktitut

045d

1117

Italian – Italy

0410

1040

Italian – Switzerland

0810

2064

Japanese

0411

1041

Kannada

044b

1099

Kanuri – Nigeria

0471

1137

Kashmiri

0860

2144

Kashmiri (Arabic)

0460

1120

Kazakh

043f

1087

Khmer

0453

1107

Konkani

0457

1111

Korean

0412

1042

Kyrgyz (Cyrillic)

0440

1088

Lao

0454

1108

Latin

0476

1142

Latvian

0426

1062

Lithuanian

0427

1063

Malay – Malaysia

043e

1086

Malay – Brunei Darussalam

083e

2110

Malayalam

044c

1100

Maltese

043a

1082

Manipuri

0458

1112

Maori – New Zealand

0481

1153

Marathi

044e

1102

Mongolian (Cyrillic)

0450

1104

Mongolian (Mongolian)

0850

2128

Nepali

0461

1121

Nepali – India

0861

2145

Norwegian (Bokmål)

0414

1044

Norwegian (Nynorsk)

0814

2068

Oriya

0448

1096

Oromo

0472

1138

Papiamentu

0479

1145

Pashto

0463

1123

Polish

0415

1045

Portuguese – Brazil

0416

1046

Portuguese – Portugal

0816

2070

Punjabi

0446

1094

Punjabi (Pakistan)

0846

2118

Quecha – Bolivia

046B

1131

Quecha – Ecuador

086B

2155

Quecha – Peru

0C6B

3179

Rhaeto-Romanic

0417

1047

Romanian

0418

1048

Romanian – Moldava

0818

2072

Russian

0419

1049

Russian – Moldava

0819

2073

Sami (Lappish)

043b

1083

Sanskrit

044f

1103

Sepedi

046c

1132

Serbian (Cyrillic)

0c1a

3098

Serbian (Latin)

081a

2074

Sindhi – India

0459

1113

Sindhi – Pakistan

0859

2137

Sinhalese – Sri Lanka

045b

1115

Slovak

041b

1051

Slovenian

0424

1060

Somali

0477

1143

Sorbian

042e

1070

Spanish – Spain (Modern Sort)

0c0a

3082

Spanish – Spain (Traditional Sort)

040a

1034

Spanish – Argentina

2c0a

11274

Spanish – Bolivia

400a

16394

Spanish – Chile

340a

13322

Spanish – Colombia

240a

9226

Spanish – Costa Rica

140a

5130

Spanish – Dominican Republic

1c0a

7178

Spanish – Ecuador

300a

12298

Spanish – El Salvador

440a

17418

Spanish – Guatemala

100a

4106

Spanish – Honduras

480a

18442

Spanish – Latin America

e40a

58378

Spanish – Mexico

080a

2058

Spanish – Nicaragua

4c0a

19466

Spanish – Panama

180a

6154

Spanish – Paraguay

3c0a

15370

Spanish – Peru

280a

10250

Spanish – Puerto Rico

500a

20490

Spanish – United States

540a

21514

Spanish – Uruguay

380a

14346

Spanish – Venezuela

200a

8202

Sutu

0430

1072

Swahili

0441

1089

Swedish

041d

1053

Swedish – Finland

081d

2077

Syriac

045a

1114

Tajik

0428

1064

Tamazight (Arabic)

045f

1119

Tamazight (Latin)

085f

2143

Tamil

0449

1097

Tatar

0444

1092

Telugu

044a

1098

Thai

041e

1054

Tibetan – Bhutan

0851

2129

Tibetan – People’s Republic of China

0451

1105

Tigrigna – Eritrea

0873

2163

Tigrigna – Ethiopia

0473

1139

Tsonga

0431

1073

Tswana

0432

1074

Turkish

041f

1055

Turkmen

0442

1090

Uighur – China

0480

1152

Ukrainian

0422

1058

Urdu

0420

1056

Urdu – India

0820

2080

Uzbek (Cyrillic)

0843

2115

Uzbek (Latin)

0443

1091

Venda

0433

1075

Vietnamese

042a

1066

Welsh

0452

1106

Xhosa

0434

1076

Yi

0478

1144

Yiddish

043d

1085

Yoruba

046a

1130

Zulu

0435

1077

HID (Human Interface Device)

04ff

1279

The value of a locale identifier is given by the formula (read more…….)

primary language + 1024 * sub-language

For example, Swiss German is LANG_GERMAN + 1024 * SUBLANG_GERMAN_SWISS = 7 + 1024 * 2 = 2055.

list of primary language and sub language

Primary Language Identifiers

The following are the primary language identifiers. They can be combined with secondary language identifiers to form language identifiers.

Identifier Prefined Symbol Language
0x00 LANG_NEUTRAL Neutral
0x01 LANG_ARABIC Arabic
0x02 LANG_BULGARIAN Bulgarian
0x03 LANG_CATALAN Catalan
0x04 LANG_CHINESE Chinese
0x05 LANG_CZECH Czech
0x06 LANG_DANISH Danish
0x07 LANG_GERMAN German
0x08 LANG_GREEK Greek
0x09 LANG_ENGLISH English
0x0a LANG_SPANISH Spanish
0x0b LANG_FINNISH Finnish
0x0c LANG_FRENCH French
0x0d LANG_HEBREW Hebrew
0x0e LANG_HUNGARIAN Hungarian
0x0f LANG_ICELANDIC Icelandic
0x10 LANG_ITALIAN Italian
0x11 LANG_JAPANESE Japanese
0x12 LANG_KOREAN Korean
0x13 LANG_DUTCH Dutch
0x14 LANG_NORWEGIAN Norwegian
0x15 LANG_POLISH Polish
0x16 LANG_PORTUGUESE Portuguese
0x18 LANG_ROMANIAN Romanian
0x19 LANG_RUSSIAN Russian
0x1a LANG_CROATIAN Croatian
0x1a LANG_SERBIAN Serbian
0x1b LANG_SLOVAK Slovak
0x1c LANG_ALBANIAN Albanian
0x1d LANG_SWEDISH Swedish
0x1e LANG_THAI Thai
0x1f LANG_TURKISH Turkish
0x20 LANG_URDU Urdu
0x21 LANG_INDONESIAN Indonesian
0x22 LANG_UKRANIAN Ukrainian
0x23 LANG_BELARUSIAN Belarusian
0x24 LANG_SLOVENIAN Slovenian
0x25 LANG_ESTONIAN Estonian
0x26 LANG_LATVIAN Latvian
0x27 LANG_LITHUANIAN Lithuanian
0x29 LANG_FARSI Farsi
0x2a LANG_VIETNAMESE Vietnamese
0x2b LANG_ARMENIAN Armenian
0x2c LANG_AZERI Azeri
0x2d LANG_BASQUE Basque
0x2f LANG_MACEDONIAN Macedonian
0x36 LANG_AFRIKAANS Afrikaans
0x37 LANG_GEORGIAN Georgian
0x38 LANG_FAEROESE Faeroese
0x39 LANG_HINDI Hindi
0x3e LANG_MALAY Malay
0x3f LANG_KAZAK Kazak
0x41 LANG_SWAHILI Swahili
0x43 LANG_UZBEK Uzbek
0x44 LANG_TATAR Tatar
0x45 LANG_BENGALI Bengali
0x46 LANG_PUNJABI Punjabi
0x47 LANG_GUJARATI Gujarati
0x48 LANG_ORIYA Oriya
0x49 LANG_TAMIL Tamil
0x4a LANG_TELUGU Telugu
0x4b LANG_KANNADA Kannada
0x4c LANG_MALAYALAM Malayalam
0x4d LANG_ASSAMESE Assamese
0x4e LANG_MARATHI Marathi
0x4f LANG_SANSKRIT Sanskrit
0x57 LANG_KONKANI Konkani
0x58 LANG_MANIPURI Manipuri
0x59 LANG_SINDHI Sindhi
0x60 LANG_KASHMIRI Kashmiri
0x61 LANG_NEPALI Nepali

Secondary Language Identifiers

The following are secondary language identifiers. They can be combined with primary language identifiers to form language identifiers.

Identifier Predefined Symbol Language
0x00 SUBLANG_NEUTRAL Neutral
0x01 SUBLANG_DEFAULT Default
0x02 SUBLANG_SYS_DEFAULT System Default
0x01 SUBLANG_ARABIC_SAUDI_ARABIA Arabic (Saudi Arabia)
0x02 SUBLANG_ARABIC_IRAQ Arabic (Iraq)
0x03 SUBLANG_ARABIC_EGYPT Arabic (Egypt)
0x04 SUBLANG_ARABIC_LIBYA Arabic (Libya)
0x05 SUBLANG_ARABIC_ALGERIA Arabic (Algeria)
0x06 SUBLANG_ARABIC_MOROCCO Arabic (Morocco)
0x07 SUBLANG_ARABIC_TUNISIA Arabic (Tunisia)
0x08 SUBLANG_ARABIC_OMAN Arabic (Oman)
0x09 SUBLANG_ARABIC_YEMEN Arabic (Yemen)
0x10 SUBLANG_ARABIC_SYRIA Arabic (Syria)
0x11 SUBLANG_ARABIC_JORDAN Arabic (Jordan)
0x12 SUBLANG_ARABIC_LEBANON Arabic (Lebanon)
0x13 SUBLANG_ARABIC_KUWAIT Arabic (Kuwait)
0x14 SUBLANG_ARABIC_UAE Arabic (U.A.E.)
0x15 SUBLANG_ARABIC_BAHRAIN Arabic (Bahrain)
0x16 SUBLANG_ARABIC_QATAR Arabic (Qatar)
0x01 SUBLANG_AZERI_CYRILLIC Azeri (Latin)
0x02 SUBLANG_AZERI_LATIN Azeri (Cyrillic)
0x01 SUBLANG_CHINESE_TRADITIONAL Chinese (Traditional)
0x02 SUBLANG_CHINESE_SIMPLIFIED Chinese (Simplified)
0x03 SUBLANG_CHINESE_HONGKONG Chinese (Hong Kong SAR, PRC)
0x04 SUBLANG_CHINESE_SINGAPORE Chinese (Singapore)
0x05 SUBLANG_CHINESE_MACAU Chinese (Macau)
0x01 SUBLANG_DUTCH Dutch
0x02 SUBLANG_DUTCH_BELGIAN Dutch (Belgian)
0x01 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_US English (US)
0x02 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_UK English (UK)
0x03 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_AUS English (Australian)
0x04 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_CAN English (Canadian)
0x05 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_NZ English (New Zealand)
0x06 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_EIRE English (Ireland)
0x07 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_SOUTH_AFRICA English (South Africa)
0x08 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_JAMAICA English (Jamaica)
0x09 SUBLANG_ENGLISH_CARIBBEAN English (Caribbean)
0x0a SUBLANG_ENGLISH_BELIZE English (Belize)
0x0b SUBLANG_ENGLISH_TRINIDAD English (Trinidad)
0x0c SUBLANG_ENGLISH_PHILIPPINES English (Zimbabwe)
0x0d SUBLANG_ENGLISH_ZIMBABWE English (Philippines)
0x01 SUBLANG_FRENCH French
0x02 SUBLANG_FRENCH_BELGIAN French (Belgian)
0x03 SUBLANG_FRENCH_CANADIAN French (Canadian)
0x04 SUBLANG_FRENCH_SWISS French (Swiss)
0x05 SUBLANG_FRENCH_LUXEMBOURG French (Luxembourg)
0x06 SUBLANG_FRENCH_MONACO French (Monaco)
0x01 SUBLANG_GERMAN German
0x02 SUBLANG_GERMAN_SWISS German (Swiss)
0x03 SUBLANG_GERMAN_AUSTRIAN German (Austrian)
0x04 SUBLANG_GERMAN_LUXEMBOURG German (Luxembourg)
0x05 SUBLANG_GERMAN_LIECHTENSTEIN German (Liechtenstein)
0x01 SUBLANG_ITALIAN Italian
0x02 SUBLANG_ITALIAN_SWISS Italian (Swiss)
0x02 SUBLANG_KASHMIRI_INDIA Kashmiri (India)
0x01 SUBLANG_KOREAN Korean
0x01 SUBLANG_LITHUANIAN Lithuanian
0x02 SUBLANG_LITHUANIAN_CLASSIC Lithuanian (Classic)
0x01 SUBLANG_MALAY_MALAYSIA Malay (Malaysia)
0x02 SUBLANG_MALAY_BRUNEI_DARUSSALAM Malay (Brunei Darassalam)
0x02 SUBLANG_NEPALI_INDIA Nepali (India)
0x01 SUBLANG_NORWEGIAN_BOKMAL Norwegian (Bokmal)
0x02 SUBLANG_NORWEGIAN_NYNORSK Norwegian (Nynorsk)
0x01 SUBLANG_PORTUGUESE Portuguese (Brazilian)
0x02 SUBLANG_PORTUGUESE_BRAZILIAN Portuguese
0x02 SUBLANG_SERBIAN_LATIN Serbian (Latin)
0x03 SUBLANG_SERBIAN_CYRILLIC Serbian (Cyrillic)
0x01 SUBLANG_SPANISH Spanish (Castilian)
0x02 SUBLANG_SPANISH_MEXICAN Spanish (Mexican)
0x03 SUBLANG_SPANISH_MODERN Spanish (Modern)
0x04 SUBLANG_SPANISH_GUATEMALA Spanish (Guatemala)
0x05 SUBLANG_SPANISH_COSTA_RICA Spanish (Costa Rica)
0x06 SUBLANG_SPANISH_PANAMA Spanish (Panama)
0x07 SUBLANG_SPANISH_DOMINICAN_REPUBLIC Spanish (Dominican Republic)
0x08 SUBLANG_SPANISH_VENEZUELA Spanish (Venezuela)
0x09 SUBLANG_SPANISH_COLOMBIA Spanish (Colombia)
0x0a SUBLANG_SPANISH_PERU Spanish (Peru)
0x0b SUBLANG_SPANISH_ARGENTINA Spanish (Argentina)
0x0c SUBLANG_SPANISH_ECUADOR Spanish (Ecuador)
0x0d SUBLANG_SPANISH_CHILE Spanish (Chile)
0x0e SUBLANG_SPANISH_URUGUAY Spanish (Uruguay)
0x0f SUBLANG_SPANISH_PARAGUAY Spanish (Paraguay)
0x10 SUBLANG_SPANISH_BOLIVIA Spanish (Bolivia)
0x11 SUBLANG_SPANISH_EL_SALVADOR Spanish (El Salvador)
0x12 SUBLANG_SPANISH_HONDURAS Spanish (Honduras)
0x13 SUBLANG_SPANISH_NICARAGUA Spanish (Nicaragua)
0x14 SUBLANG_SPANISH_PUERTO_RICO Spanish (Puerto Rico)
0x01 SUBLANG_SWEDISH Swedish
0x02 SUBLANG_SWEDISH_FINLAND Swedish (Finland)
0x01 SUBLANG_URDU_PAKISTAN Urdu (Pakistan)
0x02 SUBLANG_URDU_INDIA Urdu (India)
0x01 SUBLANG_UZBEK_LATIN Uzbek (Latin)
0x02 SUBLANG_UZBEK_CYRILLIC Uzbek (Cyrillic)

So why would a program create a directory named after a language code?

Many Microsoft products support a multilingual user interface. This means that the same program can be used to display its user interface in multiple languages. Office and Windows are the two biggest examples. Language-specific resources need to be broken out into their own directories so they won’t conflict with resources corresponding to some other language.



Some terms you must know

Locale ID: A 32-bit value defined by Microsoft Windows that consists of a language ID, sort ID, and reserved bits that identify a particular language.

Primary language: The primary language is the language that is installed on the system as the default language used to display and print information. The IBM® licensed program distribution media contains the primary language files. The distribution media you create at the central system copies the primary language files so you can install them at your target systems.

Secondary language: The distribution of secondary language files is more complicated than that of primary language files. Secondary language files are saved to the distribution media as described in Checklist: Create central site distribution media and are restored at the target systems using the user-defined installation program as described in Installation tasks for the target systems.



Referrences:

  1. http://www.liquidninja.com/metapad/translations/language_ids.html
  2. http://blogs.msdn.com/oldnewthing/archive/2004/06/09/151689.aspx
  3. http://www.microsoft.com/globaldev/reference/lcid-all.mspx

An A-Z Index of the Windows XP command line

ADDUSERS Add or list users to/from a CSV file
ARP      Address Resolution Protocol
ASSOC    Change file extension associations
ASSOCIAT One step file association
AT       Schedule a command to run at a later time
ATTRIB   Change file attributes

BOOTCFG  Edit Windows boot settings
BROWSTAT Get domain, browser and PDC info

CACLS    Change file permissions
CALL     Call one batch program from another
CD       Change Directory - move to a specific Folder
CHANGE   Change Terminal Server Session properties
CHKDSK   Check Disk - check and repair disk problems
CHKNTFS  Check the NTFS file system
CHOICE   Accept keyboard input to a batch file
CIPHER   Encrypt or Decrypt files/folders
CleanMgr Automated cleanup of Temp files, recycle bin
CLEARMEM Clear memory leaks
CLIP     Copy STDIN to the Windows clipboard.
CLS      Clear the screen
CLUSTER  Windows Clustering
CMD      Start a new CMD shell
COLOR    Change colors of the CMD window
COMP     Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
COMPACT  Compress files or folders on an NTFS partition
COMPRESS Compress individual files on an NTFS partition
CON2PRT  Connect or disconnect a Printer
CONVERT  Convert a FAT drive to NTFS.
COPY     Copy one or more files to another location
CSCcmd   Client-side caching (Offline Files)
CSVDE    Import or Export Active Directory data 

DATE     Display or set the date
Dcomcnfg DCOM Configuration Utility
DEFRAG   Defragment hard drive
DEL      Delete one or more files
DELPROF  Delete NT user profiles
DELTREE  Delete a folder and all subfolders
DevCon   Device Manager Command Line Utility
DIR      Display a list of files and folders
DIRUSE   Display disk usage
DISKCOMP Compare the contents of two floppy disks
DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one floppy disk to another
DNSSTAT  DNS Statistics
DOSKEY   Edit command line, recall commands, and create macros
DSADD    Add user (computer, group..) to active directory
DSQUERY  List items in active directory
DSMOD    Modify user (computer, group..) in active directory

ECHO     Display message on screen
ENDLOCAL End localisation of environment changes in a batch file
ERASE    Delete one or more files
EXIT     Quit the current script/routine and set an errorlevel.
EXPAND   Uncompress files
EXTRACT  Uncompress CAB files

FC       Compare two files
FDISK    Disk Format and partition
FIND     Search for a text string in a file
FINDSTR  Search for strings in files
FOR /F   Loop command: against a set of files
FOR /F   Loop command: against the results of another command
FOR      Loop command: all options Files, Directory, List
FORFILES Batch process multiple files
FORMAT   Format a disk
FREEDISK Check free disk space (in bytes)
FSUTIL   File and Volume utilities
FTP      File Transfer Protocol
FTYPE    Display or modify file types used in file extension associations

GLOBAL   Display membership of global groups
GOTO     Direct a batch program to jump to a labelled line

HELP     Online Help
HFNETCHK Network Security Hotfix Checker 

IF       Conditionally perform a command
IFMEMBER Is the current user in an NT Workgroup
IPCONFIG Configure IP

KILL     Remove a program from memory

LABEL    Edit a disk label
LOCAL    Display membership of local groups
LOGEVENT Write text to the NT event viewer.
LOGOFF   Log a user off
LOGTIME  Log the date and time in a file

MAPISEND Send email from the command line
MEM      Display memory usage
MD       Create new folders
MKLINK   Create a symbolic link (linkd)
MODE     Configure a system device
MORE     Display output, one screen at a time
MOUNTVOL Manage a volume mount point
MOVE     Move files from one folder to another
MOVEUSER Move a user from one domain to another
MSG      Send a message
MSIEXEC  Microsoft Windows Installer
MSINFO   Windows NT diagnostics
MSTSC    Terminal Server Connection (Remote Desktop Protocol)
MUNGE    Find and Replace text within file(s)
MV       Copy in-use files

NET      Manage network resources
NETDOM   Domain Manager
NETSH    Configure network protocols
NETSVC   Command-line Service Controller
NBTSTAT  Display networking statistics (NetBIOS over TCP/IP)
NETSTAT  Display networking statistics (TCP/IP)
NOW      Display the current Date and Time
NSLOOKUP Name server lookup
NTBACKUP Backup folders to tape
NTRIGHTS Edit user account rights

PATH     Display or set a search path for executable files
PATHPING Trace route plus network latency and packet loss
PAUSE    Suspend processing of a batch file and display a message
PERMS    Show permissions for a user
PERFMON  Performance Monitor
PING     Test a network connection
POPD     Restore the previous value of the current directory saved by PUSHD
PORTQRY  Display the status of ports and services
PRINT    Print a text file
PRNCNFG  Display, configure or rename a printer
PRNMNGR  Add, delete, list printers set the default printer
PROMPT   Change the command prompt
PsExec     Execute process remotely
PsFile     Show files opened remotely
PsGetSid   Display the SID of a computer or a user
PsInfo     List information about a system
PsKill     Kill processes by name or process ID
PsList     List detailed information about processes
PsLoggedOn Who's logged on (locally or via resource sharing)
PsLogList  Event log records
PsPasswd   Change account password
PsService  View and control services
PsShutdown Shutdown or reboot a computer
PsSuspend  Suspend processes
PUSHD    Save and then change the current directory

QGREP    Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern.

RASDIAL  Manage RAS connections
RASPHONE Manage RAS connections
RECOVER  Recover a damaged file from a defective disk.
REG      Registry: Read, Set, Export, Delete keys and values
REGEDIT  Import or export registry settings
REGSVR32 Register or unregister a DLL
REGINI   Change Registry Permissions
REM      Record comments (remarks) in a batch file
REN      Rename a file or files.
REPLACE  Replace or update one file with another
RD       Delete folder(s)
RDISK    Create a Recovery Disk
RMTSHARE Share a folder or a printer
ROBOCOPY Robust File and Folder Copy
ROUTE    Manipulate network routing tables
RUNAS    Execute a program under a different user account
RUNDLL32 Run a DLL command (add/remove print connections)

SC       Service Control
SCHTASKS Create or Edit Scheduled Tasks
SCLIST   Display NT Services
ScriptIt Control GUI applications
SET      Display, set, or remove environment variables
SETLOCAL Control the visibility of environment variables
SETX     Set environment variables permanently
SHARE    List or edit a file share or print share
SHIFT    Shift the position of replaceable parameters in a batch file
SHORTCUT Create a windows shortcut (.LNK file)
SHOWGRPS List the NT Workgroups a user has joined
SHOWMBRS List the Users who are members of a Workgroup
SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer
SLEEP    Wait for x seconds
SOON     Schedule a command to run in the near future
SORT     Sort input
START    Start a separate window to run a specified program or command
SU       Switch User
SUBINACL Edit file and folder Permissions, Ownership and Domain
SUBST    Associate a path with a drive letter
SYSTEMINFO List system configuration

TASKLIST List running applications and services
TIME     Display or set the system time
TIMEOUT  Delay processing of a batch file
TITLE    Set the window title for a CMD.EXE session
TOUCH    Change file timestamps
TRACERT  Trace route to a remote host
TREE     Graphical display of folder structure
TYPE     Display the contents of a text file

USRSTAT  List domain usernames and last login

VER      Display version information
VERIFY   Verify that files have been saved
VOL      Display a disk label

WHERE    Locate and display files in a directory tree
WHOAMI   Output the current UserName and domain
WINDIFF  Compare the contents of two files or sets of files
WINMSD   Windows system diagnostics
WINMSDP  Windows system diagnostics II
WMIC     WMI Commands

XCACLS   Change file permissions
XCOPY    Copy files and folders

source:http://www.ss64.com/index.html


Archives

Blog Stats

  • 54,770 hits